Introduction to Hair Growth Cycle
Hair grows from the follicle or hair root, underneath the skin. The hair is nourished by the blood vessels at the base of the follicle, which gives the needed nutrition to the roots to grow. There are four stages of hair growth cycle from the starting phase till falling, which introduces the life cycle of the hairs. The four stages of hair growth cycle are the Anagen known as growing phase, Catagen, a regression phase, Telogen, it is a resting phase and the Exogen is a shedding phase.
The Exogen phase represents the detaching of hair roots when they reached the terminal position in the follicles and the resting hair is gradually loosened resulting in shedding of the hair. Over the time, the length of the Anagen stage decreases. However, the hair may become weaker and thinner after each cycle. That is why it is important to ensure that the nutrient-rich diet is required in order to maintain a strong and healthy hair growth.
Female Pattern Baldness (FPB)
Around 1/3rd of women experience a hair loss to some extent in their lives. More than 2/3rd of females suffer from bald spots as an effect of the genetic causes. Hair loss creates greater influence on women than on men because it is not socially acceptable for them. Alopecia can affect a woman’s emotional status and a plays a factor for mental agony in her life. If we try to understand the causative factor for the Alopecia, we will find that every strand of hair rests in a tiny hole in the skin called a follicle. Commonly, baldness occurs when the hair follicle starts shrinking over the time. At last, the follicle does not produce new hair and hair growth is a state of ultimate hair loss.
In Female Pattern Baldness (FPB), hair thinning a bit different as compared to the Male Pattern Baldness (MPB). In FPB, Hair thins mainly on the top and crown of the scalp. Gradually, it widens through the central hair part. The Temporal hairline remains unaffected except for normal recession, which happens to everyone with the growing age. In FPB, the hair loss does not lead to the complete baldness but becomes thinner and due to the continuous hair fall makes the scalp visible. At Hairzone Centre Lahore has a record of giving the best hair transplant in the case of female hair transplant that can be seen from many reputed hair transplant forums and societies.
Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)
Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) is a genetic dysfunction of genes that transfer from one generation to other either the paternal or the maternal sides causes the genetic hair loss/baldness known as Androgenic alopecia. Androgenic alopecia is a condition caused by the hormonal DHT (Di-hydro Testosterone) sensitivity activities that occur after the synthesis of DHT by the enzyme called 5-alpha reductase from testosterone. The DHT, attacks on the hair follicles causes the shrinking of hair over the time as a result of Miniaturization effect, a form of the hair loss due to the over sensitivity of it! The miniaturization appears as a shrinking of follicles, thinning of hair that eventually falls out for permanently.
Some men become very bald and the affected area is mostly on the top of the head. Typically, male pattern baldness starts from the forehead and vertex part of the scalp. It progresses gradually and creates a rim (band) of hair at the back and sides of the head.
MPB never affects the sides or back of the hair and that is why this zone treated as a donor area during the hair transplant procedure. Dr Suneet Soni gives the kind consideration to the role of safe donor portion and that is why he prefers the FUT hair transplant, mostly, which takes the hair grafts from the back and sides of the scalp (Donor zone) results in long-lasting hair roots as these hair roots are resistant to the effect of DHT (di-hydro Testosterone).